Name: Comprehension and Recall Data


Abstract: The experiment deals with the role of prior knowledge in the comprehension and recall of ambiguous prose passages. There are three conditions in the experiment and 19 students were randomly assigned to each condition. In one condition students were given a drawing that could help them interpret the ambiguous passage before they heard the passage (Before Condition). In another condition students were given the drawing after they heard the passage (After Condition). In the last condition students were not given any cue before hearing the passage (Control Condition).


Variables (column):

  1. Subject Number (1-57)
  2. Condition-when student was shown the picture (1=Picture After Reading, 2=Picture Before Reading, 3= No Picture)
  3. Comprehension of the Passage (Scale 1-7 with 7 being the highest comprehension)
  4. Recall-the number of idea units that the student recalled (out of possible 13)


Possible Uses: ANOVA


References: Professor Jarvis and Professor Shaughnessy, Hope College


The experiment is a partial replication of a study done by Bransford and Johnson (1972). The complete reference for their study is: Bransford, J.D., & Johnson, M.K. (1972). Contextual prerequisites for understanding: Some investigations of comprehension and recall. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11, 717-726.