Name: Spanish Writing Data


Abstract: This dataset looked at the assessment of students’ change in Spanish writing ability from Journal 1 to Journal 11, according to a couple of measures.  Journal topic was similar for all: write a critical reflection on the unit covered in class.  The units ranged from culture to history to literature.  First journal was on Hispanics in the U.S., while the last one was on the Southern cone (Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay).


Variables (column):

  1. ID (38 students)
  2. Diary (1=Journal 1, 2=Journal 11)
  3. Agreement Errors (number of gender/number of agreement subject/verb agreement errors)
  4. Sentences (number of sentences used in assignment-assignment required at least 250 words)
  5. Combined Clauses (number of combined clauses-for example: I saw a man that went up the hill.  This example is one sentence, one combined clause. “..that went up the hill” cannot stand alone.)
  6. Conjunctions (number of conjunctions: and, but, or)
  7. Total Clauses (sentences + combined clauses)
  8. Overall Complexity (combined clauses/total clauses=%.  Note: the higher the percentage the more complex the writing.)
  9. Coordination Index (conjunctions/combined clauses=%.  Note: the lower the percentage, the better.  The idea here is that complexity in sentences is not represented well by ‘and/or/but’ sentences.)
  10. Minkus Complexity Index (combined clauses/sentences)


Possible Uses: Independent Samples T-Test, Correlation


References: Professor Daniel Woolsey